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Contribution to the 2030 Agenda

Supporting other international agreements

In addition to the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement, the FSDS supports a range of other international instruments including the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples describes individual and collective rights of Indigenous peoples around the world; offers guidance on cooperative relationships with Indigenous peoples to states and international organizations; and addresses the rights of Indigenous peoples on issues such as culture, identity, religion, language, health, education and community.

Actions in the 2019–2022 strategy that support the declaration include working with Indigenous peoples to conserve species and ecosystems, taking action to protect the environment from degradation and pollution, improving access to nutritious food, and addressing the challenges that remote Indigenous communities face in accessing safe drinking water.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification

Canada officially re-joined the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in March 2017. The convention’s objective is to improve the living conditions for people in drylands, to maintain and restore land and soil productivity, and to mitigate the effects of drought.

The objectives of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity include the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use of genetic resources.

The 2019–2022 FSDS includes targets that reflect the 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada, national objectives that guide collective action on biodiversity conservation in Canada and support progress toward Canada’s commitments under the convention. FSDS targets that support these national objectives include those related to coasts and oceans, sustainable food, lands and forests, wildlife and biodiversity, and connecting Canadians with nature.

Achieving Canada's national biodiversity targets requires action and support across all levels of government, Indigenous peoples, municipalities, businesses, the scientific community, non-governmental organizations and individual Canadians. It will rely on meaningful, full and effective participation of Indigenous peoples. Indigenous Knowledge and customary use of biological resources are relevant to achieving all of the goals and targets, including those in the FSDS.

Canada’s Nature Legacy

The Government of Canada invested an historic $1.35 billion in Budget 2018 in the Nature Legacy to support nature conservation and protection activities, in partnership with others. This includes conserving and protecting at least 17% of our land and freshwater; protecting and recovering species at risk and their habitats; and improving Canada’s natural environment. It also includes a $500 million investment in a new Canada Nature Fund to support protection and conservation of ecosystems, landscapes and biodiversity, including species at risk, and aligns with ocean conservation work under the federal Oceans Protection Plan.

This investment will help us meet our national and international commitments to our 2020 biodiversity goals and targets, based on the UN Convention on Biological Diversity’s Strategic Plan 2011–2020, and its global Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Funding through Canada’s Nature Legacy also supports our Sustainably Managed Lands and Forests, Healthy Wildlife Populations, and Connecting Canadians with Nature goals.

Looking beyond 2020, in November 2018 the Convention on Biological Diversity officially launched a process to develop a global post-2020 biodiversity framework. The framework is expected to be adopted at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention in 2020. In response, we are engaging provinces and territories, Indigenous organizations, non-governmental organizations, industry groups and other partners on Canadian priorities for a post-2020 framework.

Canada’s 6th National Report to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity

Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity report every 4 years on their actions to conserve biodiversity. These national reports are key sources of information for the Global Biodiversity Outlook report.

Canada’s 6th National Report, submitted in November 2018, documents Canada’s progress in meeting the 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada and focuses on biodiversity conservation actions since 2014.

Indicators developed through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators program are used to track many of the 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada and have been included in the national report.

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